Pathology jobs are responsible for treating patients with disorders that are related to speech, language, cognitive-communication, voice, swallowing, and fluency. They assist with their patient's families by teaching them techniques to cope and communicate. These types of communication problems can be the result of a number of occurrences including stroke, brain injury, deterioration, learning disabilities, cerebral palsy, voice pathology, mental retardation, cleft palate, developmental delays or disorders, hearing loss, or emotional problems. These types of problems can be developmental, congenital, or acquired.
A master's degree is the minimum requirement for education for pathology jobs. In 2006, there were 230 colleges and universities that offered advanced degree programs in speech language pathology that were accredited through the Praxis Series of the Educational Testing Services. 41 States have continuing education requirements for speech pathology jobs, while others States requirements usually involve 300 to 375 hours of supervised clinical work and 9 month of post graduate professional clinical experience. There are different requirements that exist for the proper licensing for pathologists that also depends on the State.
In 2006, there were 110,000 pathology jobs with about half employed in educational services. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics the employment of pathologist jobs are expected to increase by 11 percent during 2006 to 2016. This rate is nearly as fast as the national average for all occupations and is attributed to the aging baby boomer population. The possibility for these type of disorders associated with communication will be higher creating more opportunities for speech pathologist employment.
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